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Curated Journal Articles on Mesothelioma

Primary malignant mesothelioma developed in liver

Hepato-gastroenterology. 2008 May-Jun;55(84):1081-4. [Link]

Kim DS, Lee SG, Jun SY, Kim KW, Ha TY, Kim KK.

Division of Transplantation and Hepatobiliary Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Abstract

The following reports a rare case of primary localized malignant mesothelioma of the liver. A 53-year-old man with no history of exposure to asbestos was admitted to our department for evaluation of incidentally detected liver mass. Computed tomography and hepatic angiogram showed a tumor at the dome of the liver, which was fed mainly through the inferior phrenic artery. The mass was resected, including a portion of the diaphragm. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of cord-like or trabecular arrangements of epithelioid cells having abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and prominent nucleoli. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were strongly positive for calretinin and cytokeratin 5 and negative for hepatocyte markers. These findings were consistent with our diagnosis of epithelioid mesothelioma. A local recurrence was noted 15 months after surgery, which was treated by radiofrequency ablation. At 23 months after initial surgery, locally recurrent masses with direct invasion of the diaphragm and a solitary intrahepatic metastasis were noted, which was treated by partial excision of the diaphragm with intraoperative RFA after transarterial chemoembolization.

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